What is Very Early Warning Smoke Detection?
VESDA by Xtralis very early warning aspirating smoke detection solutions with continuous air sampling provide the earliest possible warning of an impending fire hazard. VESDA aspirating smoke detectors buy the critical time needed to investigate an alarm and initiate an appropriate response to prevent injury, property damage or business disruption. VESDA detectors have multi-level warnings and a wide range of sensitivity that does not degrade or change over time, so even minute levels of smoke can be detected before a fire has time to escalate. In addition, VESDA Systems are manufactured using targeted Six Sigma techniques and ISO 9000 standards and have been certified by regulatory bodies worldwide.
How VESDA Works This diagram shows the progression of a fire over time. Note that the incipient stage of a fire provides the widest window of opportunity to detect and control the spread. VESDA detectors can be configured to generate multiple alarms within the incipient stage. They also can be configured to generate an additional alarm (Fire 2) in the advanced stages of a fire. This feature is unique to VESDA and takes advantage of its wide sensitivity range that enables one detector to monitor the entire progression of a fire. VESDA works by continuously drawing air into a distributed pipe network via a high-efficiency aspirator. The air sample then passes through a dual-stage filter. The first stage removes dust and dirt from the air sample before it enters the laser detection chamber. The second, ultra-fine stage provides an additional clean-air supply to keep the detector’s optical surfaces free from contamination, ensuring stable calibration and long detector life as well as minimizing nuisance alarms. From the filter, the air sample goes through the calibrated detection chamber where it is exposed to a laser light source. When smoke is present, light is scattered within the detection chamber and is instantly identified by the highly sensitive receiver system. The signal is then processed and presented via a bar-graph display, alarm threshold indicators and/or graphic display. VESDA detectors are able to communicate this information to a fire alarm control panel, a software management system, or a building management system via relays or a High Level Interface (HLI).